Earth is composed of materials that move through the biogeochemical cycles. Earth's features are shaped by ongoing and dynamic processes. These processes can be constructive or destructive and occur over geologic time scales.
-Students understand that features on the Earth's surface are constantly changed by a combination of slow and rapid processes.
-Students know water, wind, and ice constantly change the Earth's land surface by eroding rock and soil in some places and depositing them in other areas.
-Students know landforms may result from slow processes (e.g. erosion and deposition) and fast processes (e.g. volcanoes, earthquakes, landslides, flood, and human activity)
-Students know rock is composied of different combinations of minerals
-Students know soil varies from place to place and has both biological and mineral components.
-Students know fossils are evidence of past life
-Rock cycle passage with stem questions
-Earthquakes passage with stem questions
-1 paragraph written explanation of how a volcanic eruption changes the surface of the earth in science notebook to be scored with rubric
-Read aloud: Everybody Needs a Rock by Byrd Baylor
-After reading Baylor book have each student bring in a "special rock," based on the rules from the book, for a class rock collection to be used in later activities
-Find the rock game
-Identify student rock samples and minerals within the rocks using the rock key
-Build a model volcano and write up in science journals
-Erosion lab with tables - See Harcourt C4
-Graham Cracker plate tectonics lab
-Make a fossil
-Reading "Changes to Earth's Surface" from Harcourt C6-C11
-Reading "Mountains, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes" from Harcourt C14-C19
-Reading "How Earth's Surface Has Changed" from Harcourt C22-C25
-Bill Nye on Earth's Crust
-Bill Nye on Volcanoes
-Bill Nye on Earthquakes
-Bill Nye on Wind
-Bill Nye on Erosion
-Link to alternate volcano project with good background info
-Alternate instructions for building the model volcano with pictures
-Fossils passage with stem questions (originally written for 6th grade but should be adaptable)
-Link to an excellent article with connected resources about the formation of dinasaur fossils (special thanks to Ms. Francine Davis of the Seattle Public School District)